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Called “the pretty dog” by its admirers, the American Eskimo dog, or “Eskie”, is a striking canine because of its white coat, gentle expression and black eyes. They are a Nordic canine breed, a member of the Spitz family. Although they are purebred dogs, you may find them in the care of shelters or rescue groups. Remember to adopt. Don’t go shopping if you want to take a dog home. Eskies are lively, active companion dogs who love to entertain and participate in all family activities. They are outgoing and friendly with family and friends, but reserved with strangers. Although the Eskie is a small dog – 10 to 30 pounds – they have a big-dog attitude.
Eskies are happy, active and intelligent dogs. They love activity. Plan to keep your Eskie busy with training classes, games, walks in a dog park, or hikes. A busy Eskie is unlikely to get bored, a state that should be avoided with this breed, as boredom leads to excessive barking, inappropriate chewing, and other annoying behaviors. The Eskie needs to be with his family, so don’t plan on leaving him alone for long periods of time, or he may develop separation anxiety. If you are a confident leader, you will enjoy life with an Eskie. If you are not, you will probably have an Eskie to lead you. Don’t trust even a well-trained and socialized Eskie with small pets like birds, hamsters, and gerbils. Chances are he will succumb to his instincts and chase them. To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill or pet store.
The American Eskimo dog belongs to the Spitz family. Spitz are Nordic dogs with fox-like faces, profuse fur, tails raised over the back, and small, pointed ears. There is a great variety in the size of the Nordic breeds, from the tiny Pomeranian to the large Samoyed. The true origin of the American Eskimo dog is unknown. What is known is that in the United States it was common to find small, white Spitz-type dogs in German immigrant communities. Most likely these dogs were descendants of the white German Spitz, white Keeshonden or large white Pomeranians that came to the United States with their German families. They came to be known collectively as American Spitz dogs. The American Eskimo dog was a popular entertainer in the many circuses that traveled the United States during the 19th century. With its brilliant white coat and amazing ability to perform tricks, the Eskimo was a show favorite. This widespread attention helped popularize the breed. In 1917, the American Spitz was renamed the American Eskimo Dog, although today no one really knows why. The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was founded in 1985 and, in 1995, the American Kennel Club recognized the breed in the non-sporting group.
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